Milestones of skiing in the Black Forest
In February 1891, the Frenchman Dr. Pilet brought skiing to the Feldberg. But what happened to winter sports on the Feldberg and in the Black Forest afterwards?
On February 8, Dr. R. Pilet signs the guest book of the Hotel Feldberger Hof: "With Norwegian snowshoes on the Feldberg." This entry is considered the birth of skiing in Central Europe!
In December, the Ski-Club 1891 Todtnau is founded in the inn Ochsen in Todtnau. It is the oldest still existing ski club in Central Europe. Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian polar explorer, accepts honorary the membership of the Todtnau Ski Club in.
|1892||Start of ski manufacturing in the Black Forest. Ernst Köpfer from Bernau is the first to patent the manufacture of skis.|
|1892||First "Instructions for snowshoeing" by Fritz Breuer, chairman of the Todtnau Ski Club|
|1894||Under the leadership of Wilhelm Offermann, a government councilor from Strasbourg, members of the Todtnau Ski Club undertake a crossing of the Alps on skis.|
|1895||The Ski-Club Freiburg is founded and forms together with the Ski-Club Todtnau the "Ski-Club Schwarzwald", first regional association of Central Europe|
German Ski Championships are held on the Feldberg for the first time.
Godwina Hermann, Altglashütten is seen with skis on the Feldberg. She is considered the first female skier.
|1905||The German Ski Association is founded at the instigation of the Ski-Club Schwarzwald with the initiators Wilhelm Paulcke, Franz Kohlhepp and Wilhelm Offermann. The Ski-Club Schwarzwald becomes a founding member.|
|1908||The first ski lift in the world is built in Schollach – operates with a mill's water wheel.|
Numerous German championships are held on the Feldberg, and soon women (in skirts) are also allowed to participate. The Feldberg becomes a winter sports resort for the high-ranking society. The Hotel Feldberger Hof becomes the "first address" for winter vacations. Major industrialists such as Wilhelm Opel become the first "sponsors" of skiing.
Black Forest midwives, country doctors and postmans use skis to practice their profession, students and academics for physical exercise and "invent apres-ski".
|1911||Ernst Baader and Bernhard Villinger start at the Holmenkollen.|
|1920||Arnold Fanck and Sepp Allgeier from Freiburg start their ski films, first as documentaries, later as feature films with the prominent actors Luis Trenker and Leni Riefenstahl and the skiers Hannes Schneider, Toni Seelos and Guzzi Lantschner. The feature films, which are broadcast worldwide, ensure the spread of winter sports as a mass sport. "The Miracle of the Snowshoe" (parts were produced in the Black Forest) ran for 3 ½ years at sold-out theaters in New York.|
The Max Egon ski jump is built in the Feldberg forest, which served the traditional Easter jumping until the completion of the "long jump" in the Fahler Loch in 1936.
The Black Forest Mountain Rescue Service is founded in Freiburg.
|1924||The first large ski-jumping hills are built in Schonach, Neustadt and Hinterzarten.|
|1930||Karl Bernauer, Muggebrunn, father of ski instructor legend Franz Bernauer, passes his exam at the DSV as the first Black Forest ski instructor.|
|ab 1933||The ski stadium in the Fahler Loch is built. The aim is to hold Winter Olympics in the Black Forest. Plans for an Olympic village are drawn up. The railroad line should be built from Bärental over the Feldberg down into Wiesental, with an underground station at the top of the pass.|
|1936||Christel Cranz vom Freiburger Skiclub wird Olympiasiegerin in der Alpinen Kombination und dominiert mit zwölf Weltmeistertiteln in den 1930er Jahren den Frauenlauf.|
|1939||The municipal Feldberg is founded.|
|from 1946||1946 French occupation troops build ski lifts on the Feldberg.|
|1950||First district youth skiing day on the Feldberg. It is the longest-running skiing event in the Black Forest and is still held regularly.|
|1956||Dr. Fredy Stober becomes president of the German Ski Association for two years.|
|1958||Fredy Stober is elected as president of the Black Forest Ski Association on October 1 and leads the SVS until October 2, 1993.|
Georg Thoma, Hinterzarten becomes the first "non-Scandinavian" Olympic champion in the Nordic combined, he dominates this sport until 1966. He is the first skier to be named Sportsman of the Year ahead of Armin Hary!
International skiing events are held throughout the Black Forest:
Numerous Black Forest towns develop into winter sports resorts in the wake of Georg Thoma's popularity:
Alpine and Nordic winter sports infrastructure (ski lifts, cross-country ski trails, ski jumps, ice rinks) is being built throughout the Black Forest.
|ab 1960||The alpine skiing area Feldberg begins to develop to its current extent.|
|1961||At the German Nordic Ski Championships, Black Forest skiers win all the titles, a total of 13! (Until today not reached by any other regional association.) Decisively involved in this is the nine-time German champion Sepp Meier from St. Peter. In 1961 he won the titles in cross-country skiing over 15 km, 30 km and 50 km and with the relay team of the SVS.|
|1964||Georg Thoma wins the Olympic bronze medal.|
|1966||Georg Thoma becomes world champion, record Hollmenkollen winner and finally ends his career|
|1968||German Alpine Ski Championships in Todtnau, for the first time not held in the Alps.|
|1968/69||Under the leadership of Erwin Lauterwasser, SC Todtnau, the alpine skiing area Fahl is created with modern slopes and ski lifts.|
|1969/70||The Black Forest sinks in snow. On the Feldberg 4.50m are measured.|
|1970||The "Herzogenhorn" association home of the Black Forest Ski Association becomes Germany's first federal Center of Sports.|
The first biathlon stadium is built at Notschrei.
The Todtnauer Hütte, acquired by the Federal Armed Forces, together with the Fahl barracks develops into the legendary "ski train", the era of the Zipfelbrüder (Kirchzarten) begins.
Wolf Hockenjos founds the first modern cross-country skiing center based on the Scandinavian model at Thurner. The Forestry Commission promotes further centers in the Black Forest.
The alpine skier Hansjörg Schlager, Feldberg becomes a world-class-ski-racer and takes several podium places in the alpine World Cup.
|1973||The first snow cannon is put into operation in Herrischried.|
First Black Forest Ski Marathon (Schonach-Hinterzarten). The boom in popular ski races begins.
In the ski association's own Center of Sports Herzogenhorn, soccer world champion Brazil prepares for the soccer world cup. They should be followed successfully by numerous athletes of all sports.
|1976||Urban Hettich, Schonach, becomes Olympic silver medalist in the Nordic combined. In the following years, ski athletes from Schonach win a total of 23 medals at the Olympic Games and World Championships.|
|1977||The first national final of the school competition "Jugend trainiert für Olympia" (Youth trains for Olympia) is held in Schonach, since then this has taken place regularly in Schonach.|
The longest cross-country-skiing race in the world, the 100 km Rucksacklauf (Schonach-Belchen) is held for the first time on the initiative of Wolf Hockenjos.
The ski patrol of the Foundation Safety in Skiing is founded and starts its service also in the Black Forest.
|1981||Nordic Junior World Championships are held for the first time in the Black Forest (Schonach). The star of ski jumping legend Matti Nykänen rises.|
Serge Lang, the inventor of the World Cup, and Erwin Lauterwasser bring the Alpine World Cup to Todtnau for the first time. Winner in the giant slalom is Ingemar Stenmark.
In the presence of the world's elite, the first Summer Grand Prix in ski jumping takes place in Hinterzarten. 32 more were follow
Schonach hosts the first World Cup in the Black Forest (Nordic combined) with the Black Forest Cup, which has been held since 1971. Since then, Schonach has been regarded as the Holmenkollen of Central Europe.
Heidi Wiesler, Münstertal alpine Olympic starter
Alexander Spitz, Menzenschwand begins his international career as an alpine skier in the disabled category. He wins a total of 20 medals at world championships and the Paralympics, for which he receives the "Silver Laurel Leaf" of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Egon Hirt, Neustadt, fourth in the giant slalom at the Alpine World Championships in Bormio.
The Furtwangen ski boarding school is opened. Three years later, a series begins in which Black Forest skiers have always won medals at Olympic Games since 1988.
|1986||International German Alpine Ski Championships in Todtnau in all four disciplines. The venues are Fahl, Brandenberg, Präg, Muggenbrunn and Todtnauberg. For the last time German Championships in all disciplines are held at one venue.|
Hans-Peter Pohl, Schonach becomes team world champion in Nordic combined.
Pirmin Zurbriggen, Switzerland, wins the second Alpine Ski World Cup in Todtnau-Fahl.
The Olympic base Freiburg-Schwarzwald is founded.
Hans-Peter Pohl becomes team Olympic champion in the Nordic combined.
|1989||Edda Mutter, Todtnau, becomes alpine junior world champion.|
Dieter Thoma is the first Black Forest skier who win the Four Hills Tournament and becomes Ski Flying World Champion in 1992.
The planned Alpine Junior World Championships in Todtnau are cancelled due to a lack of snow, and the first thoughts are made about snowmaking.
|1993||Internal thoughts of the city Freiburg to apply for Olympic Winter Games.|
|1994||Christof Dufner, Schönwald, Hansjörg Jäckle, Schonach and Dieter Thoma, Hinterzarten become team Olympic champions in ski jumping in Lillehammer. The four win the Sportsperson of the Year team award.|
|1995||The Black Forest Ski Association celebrates its 100th birthday in Freiburg with the DSV Association Day.|
|1996||After years of fighting with environmentalists, the Fahl Alpine Training Center opens with the first completely snow-covered slope in the Black Forest.|
Martin Schmitt, Furtwangen wins World Cup silver with the team, ten medals and 28 World Cup victories follow. He wins the overall World Cup for ski jumpers twice.
The Black Forest Ski Museum opens in Hinterzarten.
Germany's first 6-seater chairlift goes into operation at Feldberg.
Four Black Forest ski jumpers (Martin Schmitt, Dieter Thoma, Christof Dufner and Sven Hannawald) become team world champions in ski jumping despite two fallen jumps.
Martin Schmitt and the national ski jumping team are named Sportsman of the Year.
Thanks to "Schmitt and Hanni," ski jumping becomes the most successful television sport in the following years. The German Ski Association signs a "multi-million" TV contract with a private broadcaster and henceforth becomes Germany's only sports federation, along the DFB, whoes finance itself without state subsidies.
Another Alpine World Cup race in Todtnau-Fahl. Hermann Maier (RS) and Rainer Schönfelder (SL), both from Austria, are the winners.
Sven Hannawald becomes Ski Flying World Champion, he defends his title successfully in 2002.
|2001||Neustadt hosts the first World Cup ski jumping event in the Black Forest. Seven more event weekends follow until 2015.|
Sven Hannawald wins all four jumps of the Four Hills Tournament and becomes team Olympic champion in ski jumping together with Martin Schmitt four weeks later.
Schonach hosts the Nordic Junior World Championships for the second time.
Nearly 40,000 spectators are counted at the 3-day Summer Grand Prix in Hinterzarten. It will be the ski event with the most spectators in the Black Forest. Hinterzarten became the Mecca of the female teens.
Sven Hannawald sportsman of the year.
Georg Hettich, Schonach becomes individual Olympic champion in the Nordic combined and also wins silver in the team and bronze in the individual sprint. Steffi Böhler, Ibach wins silver in the cross-country-skiing relay.
Again over 4 m of snow at the Feldberg. For the first time German Championships in Snowboardcross are held at Seebuck.
The Herzogenhorn lift (4-seater chairlift) is opened in Fahl.
|2008||The cross-country skiing house at Notschrei is inaugurated.|
|2009||After 152 days of operation with over 500,000 skiers, the "longest" winter in Black Forest skiing history ends at Feldberg.|
Hinterzarten hosts the best Nordic Junior World Championships (quote FIS = International Ski Federation)! The jumping competitions take place in Hinterzarten, the cross-country-skiing competitions in the new and expanded Nordic Center Notschrei.
Martin Schmitt wins team silver in ski jumping at the Winter Olympics.
For the first time, the Black Forest Ski Association organizes its "School in Snow" school festival. Over 3,500 schoolchildren from all over the country take part.
Dr. Fredy Stober dies at the an age of 100.
|2012||First German World Cup ski jumping for women in Schönwald.|
|2013||With Maren Wiesler, Münstertal, a Black Forest woman starts in the Alpine World Cup again after a long time.|
Andreas Wank, Hinterzarten is team Olympic champion in ski jumping, Fabian Riesle, Breitnau wins Olympic bronze and team silver in Nordic combined, Steffi Böhler, Ibach relay bronze; the athletes trained at the skiing boarding school
Carina Vogt, Degenfeld, becomes first Olympic champion in women's ski jumping, Simon Schempp, Uhingen, wins relay silver in biathlon; these are the most successful Olympic Winter Games for the Black Forest.
Benedikt Doll, Breitnau, becomes triple European biathlon champion.
Roman Rees, Hofsgrund becomes junior world champion.
Paul Berg, Konstanz, becomes the first Black Forest athlete, who win a Snowboard World Cup.
In Neustadt, Severin Freund becomes World Cup winner in picture-book weather.
For the first time, Black Forest skiers take part in all World Ski Championships (Alpine, Biathlon, Nordic, Snowboard).
On January 30, two active Black Forest skiers die in the worst avalanche accident on the Feldberg.
Fabian Riesle, Breitnau, becomes team world champion in Nordic combined.